Design in aerospace engineering is not as easy as looking an aircraft. There is a lot of example in nature and engineering of an aircraft has great inspiration from flying animals. But how is philosophy of flying physics applied in aerospace engineering? What about development of aircraft shape since first day of aviation?
In aviation history design of aircraft wing has changed. According to technical details and aerospace engineering developments new wing shapes have designed. Most of them are design by reviewing flying animals. Not only flying physic is important, also habits of animals are considered during research and development projects. But results of aerospace engineering studies are not as perfect as natural details.
Wing is most noticeable part of an aircraft. Since Wright Flyer, which is first aircraft of human history, all of aircrafts has broad wings. And design of wings in aircraft has different topics like aerodynamic, power engineering, control and communication equipment, frame and structure.
Wire connected frames are first wings of aircraft in aerospace engineering designs. Wire connected frames, which is named as wire braced structures, has limitations about material type. It has limited wooden usage and cannot be combined with alternative constructions.
Afterwards using basic wing, a new wing shape has designed. In this wings aerodynamic is more important than before. New wing that is known as semi monocoque wing had smaller sections which led multi functional usage of them. New design of wings made it possible to produce medium sized aircrafts by using aluminum.
Material types that used for making wings has developed after a while. Having medium sized aircraft and longer distances during flight pushed borders of engineering. Because of new operational issues tension and durability of wings are more important ever than before. In this viewpoint new materials and manufacturing techniques has developed.
Composite materials has become new horizon of wings design. Laminated structures and fiber materials made possible reinforced wings. Beyond performance issues manufacturing costs of aircraft has decreased by using composite materials.
Shape of wings has developed in last decades. Winglets and Sharklets of Airbus is one of the latest aerospace engineering design that is commercially used in aircrafts. There are novel wing designs, too. New designs and concepts are based on nature. Common habits of birds push borders of aerospace engineering.
Wings that made by using shape memory alloys are one of the novel design. In the nature birds change their wing shapes according to their situations. Birds has different wing forms during flying, takeoff and landing. In this manner aircrafts that have partly changeable shape form can be next point of studies. Before that using shape memory alloys in aerospace engineering is a compulsory issue.
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