In aerospace engineering everything is not related with mechanical or automation details. Travelling in the “air” requires sharp weather forecasting. Detailed calculations are based on proper weather forecasting details.
Proper weather forecasting is critical for safety and operation. Advanced technologies based on weather forecasting are being used in aerospace engineering. However, it does not give maximum benefit.
Bad weather conditions mean delay of flight. Nowadays it is possible to have a forecasting system which led well planned flight programs. However everything is not as seamless as our dreams. According to statistics nearly 75% of cancelled flights’ reason is weather conditions. Weather related delays are needed to be solved with new technologies. According to records there are 15 millions of minutes lost every year because of bad weather conditions and lack of proper weather forecasting.
Flying is limitless. From one point to another can take minutes even hours. During flight all weather conditions can change.So it is really important to have advanced weather forecasting technologies. Bad weather conditions are main reason of 70% of traffic delays in passenger flights. It holds nearly 7 billion dollars cost and total delays in aviation have more than 40 billion dollars cost. As a result nearly 20% of delaying costs comes from bad weather conditions. Weather forecasting cannot prevent all delays in flights. But it can increase aircraft safety and operation planning.
Before talking about future technologies of weather forecasting, it’s better to mention milestones about using weather forecasting technologies in aviation. First technology in weather forecast that has radar background is doppler. Doppler has different signals that can detect wind, cloud, rain and snow. But main problem about weather forecasting radar is result resolution. Any type of radar that used in weather forecasting don’t have too much area. It can be used in local areas.
In the future different organizations like NASA, FAA and NOAA are planning to merge weather data for aviation industry. However having sensible data is much more important than broad knowledge or database. In this manner it is important to have four or more dimension database during weather forecasting in aviation industry.
GPS and navigation systems are continuing to develop. There are few studies which are about weather information collecting and evolation of climate situations. In next decades it is possible to have a forecasting system that use GPS data. Observing sensors on an aircraft can be next era of weather forecasting in aerospace engineering. If you consider location based augmented reality technologies and navigation developments this can be possible, too.
Local weather forecasting radars are commonly used in aerospace engineering. However having specific equipment and broad usage of different systems are more important than local opportunities. Developing sensors for aircrafts and creating new algorithms with new communication protocols can decrease delays and safety issues in aviation. Nature has complex body. Forecasting weather is not as easy aerospace engineering.
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